While it might not be DESE's stated intent to gather personal student data, it may inconsequential if mandates exist requiring state educational agencies or local school districts to track students and provide certain data. Illinois will be gathering data on children from 24 hours old to 3 years old in its Student Information System (SIS). It is not stated whether this is mandated by a federal requirement, but this information taken by the state on children less than 3 years old includes data beyond the usual information of name, address, courses taken and attendance.
The data mining set begins on page 52/92 from All Schools Meeting May 2011: Illinois State Board of of School Year 2011 and Planning for School Year 2012:
Demographics and Early Childhood (Ages 3-5) File FormatChangesRemoving“Pre-K At Risk Classroom”Replace with Placeholder 1Student must be identified as one of the following when student is enrolledPreschool for All (PFA)Head StartPre-K Title ILocal or Other FundingNew SIS Data Collections for School Year 2012Birth to 3 Data CollectionStudents Ages 1 day old to less than three years of age identified with Grade Level‘00’
If Student is Birth to 3, Full Time Equivalent (FTE) must be 1.0
When student is enrolled in Grade “00” a Birth to 3 record is createdAll Mandatory Birth to 3 data must be entered before the student can be exited
Birth to 3Data Elements
EI Number OptionalProgram Model MandatoryService location (modality) for preventioninitiative programs MandatoryScreening for eligibility tool MandatoryTotal number of home visits during the year MandatoryTotal number of parent groups/sessionsattended during the year MandatoryTotal number of hours of services for studentper week MandatoryStudent born with a low birth weight Mandatory
Is student living in a foster home MandatoryWas parent married at time of student's birth OptionalBiological mother's date of birth OptionalStudent's family is receiving child support MandatoryStudent's family is receiving TANF MandatoryStudent‘s family is receiving WIC MandatoryStudent's family is receiving food stamps MandatoryStudent's family is receiving a Housing Subsidy Mandatory
What is this program of tracking 1 day old babies to 3 years old called? It's called "Baby Talk" (pg 65/92):
Who has access to this data and why is this data gathered? From The Illinois Longitudinal Data System Project:
The Illinois State Board of Education, along with our Education Partners, is now actively moving forward with the design and development of the state-wide Illinois Longitudinal Data System (ILDS). The system, when fully deployed, will provide data to help to track the outcomes of Illinois students as they progress from Pre-K through Postsecondary education, and as they enter the workforce. Longitudinal data supports an in-depth, comprehensive view of students’ progress and will ultimately help guide policymakers on where to invest time and energy to most effectively improve student achievement in our State.
The ILDS is defined by Public Act 96-0107 and enabled through federal funding, and instructs the State Board of Education to link student test scores, length of enrollment and graduation records over time. The system also will connect students to career planning and resources, with the potential to facilitate the application process for financial aid and records transfer for students.
ILDS will serve a large stakeholder group, including:
- Illinois State Board of Education
- Local Education Authorities
- Regional offices of education and intermediate service centers
- Parents and other members of the general public
- State Legislatures
- News media
- Research organizations
- Postsecondary Institutions
- State workforce and higher education agencies
- Education Partners
The ILDS Project has five major components:
- Establishment of a Data Advisory Committee
- Development of an Enterprise-wide Data Architecture
- Improved Data Quality through Data Stewardship
- Development of an Education Enterprise Data Warehouse
- Linking of the ISBE Unique Student Identifier with Postsecondary and Employment Data
The career/work tracking of students in Illinois now begins when a baby is at least 24 hours old. Why would Missouri or any other state with common core standards and longitudinal adata systems be any different? Like Illinois, a stated goal of the Missouri P20 longitudinal data system is to track human capital into the workforce:
These data also can be linked to external data sets on employment, labor needs across sectors, economic development, community assets, and so forth.
Why is it necessary for the government to track a mother's marital status, federal/state assistance received, low birth weight of the baby, etc? If a baby is born with health problems into a one-parent home that depends on governmental assistance, does it put the child on a certain track? Why do you think tracking begins at 24 hours old instead of a newborn?
Finite resources must be used appropriately on the human capital most likely to reap the advantages of those resources and this particular child is not starting off as a good investment based on its data. Note that the baby is not the only person tracked. Parent(s) are also tracked as to their behavior.